ACTNews, JAKARTA – Do you often experience dizziness but often take it lightly? Here’s why you should start taking it seriously because it could be a sign of anemia. ACTNews met with Dr. Alifa Astuti, M.D. from Aksi Cepat Tanggap (ACT)’s Humanity Medical Services to discuss anemia.
Anemia occurs when the red blood cell level in ones’ body decreases. In fact, red blood cells have a very important role to deliver oxygen from the lungs to the body organs and carbon dioxide from the organs to the lungs.
"Red blood cells contain a protein called hemoglobin. Hemoglobin contains a lot of iron which is in charge of binding oxygen throughout the body. Therefore, it is important for us to increase hemoglobin levels in the blood," explained Alifa Thursday (12/2/2021).
Dr. Alifa explained that the decrease in hemoglobin level can cause fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, recurrent dizziness, muscle weakness, fast and irregular heartbeats, pale skin and gums, and skin bruises.
"Anemia is more common in women than men due to pregnancy and menstruation. However, every individual is also at risk of developing anemia and must maintain their hemoglobin level,” he added.
Dr. Alifa further mentioned that there are two ways to help increase one’s red blood cells. The first is to consume foods that are rich in iron, including meat, fish, soy products, eggs, broccoli, green leafy vegetables, pomegranates, beets, green beans, and nuts. It is also necessary to eat foods that contain vitamins that help iron absorption including foods that contain vitamin C such as oranges, strawberries, lemons, tomatoes, peppers, and blueberries as well as foods that contain vitamin A such as fish, pumpkins, sweet potatoes, kale, mustard greens, carrots, melons, and watermelons.
Second, to nourish the red blood cells, we must consume foods that are high in folate such as beef, chicken liver, beef liver, spinach, broccoli, lettuce, bean sprouts, bananas, avocados, and beans.
If the hemoglobin level remains low after consuming the foods above, consult a doctor immediately. You can also keep your red blood cells level under control by conducting periodic checks every three months.