Bappenas: Every Year, Indonesians Waste 185 Kilograms of Food Per Capita

Based on the study carried out by the National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) in 2019, Indonesians lost or wasted around 115-184 kilograms of food per capita per year on average.

Food waste
Illustration. Piles of trash in Jatiwaringin Landfill, Tangerang. (ACTNews/Ichsan Ali)

ACTNews, JAKARTA –  Based on the study carried out by the Ministry of National Development Planning (Bappenas) in 2019, Indonesians lost or wasted around 115-184 kilograms of food per capita per year in the last 20 years which means each Indonesian throws away up to 184 kilograms of food within a year.

Food leftovers are divided into food loss and food waste. Food loss is the decrease in the quantity or quality of food resulting from decisions and actions by food suppliers in the chain. Meanwhile, food waste refers to the decrease in the quantity or quality of food resulting from decisions and actions by retailers, food service providers, and consumers. Both are familiar with Food Loss and Waste (FLW).

"From 2000-2019, the trend is increasing, from 115 kilograms per capita per year to 184 kilograms per capita per year. Although it isn’t up to 300 kilograms (according to the study of Economist Intelligence Unit), it’s still a waste of food," said Director of Environment of National Development Planning Ministry/Bappenas, Medrilzam on Tuesday (10/12/2021).

According to Medrilzam, Indonesian waste food that reaches up to 184 kilograms per year could meet the nutrient requirements of 61-125 million people per year which causes 4 to 5 percent of economical losses to the country’s gross domestic product (GDP).

In addition, the food waste often ended in landfills, creating greenhouse gases that for 20 years, the total greenhouse gas emissions from food loss and waste were 1,703 megatons of carbon dioxide equivalent which is equivalent to the width of Java and West Nusatenggara if the areas are planted with trees.

Based on the research results from the Directorate of Environment of National Development Planning Ministry/Bappenas, there is a trend of increasing FLW every year with an average of 3.19 percent per year.

Meanwhile, Head of Food Distribution Program ACT Sutaryo explains that Indonesian people’s habit of wasting their food worsens the nation’s poverty.

“We are also concerned about this condition. Moreover, there are still many of our brothers and sisters who are starving and have difficulty meeting the needs of quality and nutritious food. Insha Allah, ACT will continue to help the nation from hunger with its various programs," said Sutaryo to ACTNews, Wednesday (10/20/2021).

There are various ACT’s programs including Free Food Operation, Free Meal Operation, Cheap Food Operation, Food Careline Services, Indonesian Child Nutrition, and Bengkel Gizi Terpadu. ACT also has deployed various humanitarian vehicles such as Humanity Bikers, Humanity Food Van, Humanity Food Truck, Humanity Rice Truck, dan Humanity Food Bus.[]