Deportation Raises Number of Syrian Internally Displaced People

Syria's refugee population is growing. Not only because of the escalating conflict but also because hundreds of refugees were deported back to Syria.

Syrian refugees
Illustration. The number of Syrian refugees continues to rise. (AFP Document)

ACTNews, SYRIA – As the conflict in Syria continues, the number of refugees in the country grows. Syria is estimated to have the highest number of refugees of any country. Due to several factors, many Syrian refugees who had fled to other countries were also forced to return to Syria.

In the last two years, for example, 155,000 Syrian refugees have been deported from Turkey between 2019 and the end of 2021. Turkey carried out the deportations forcibly due to a variety of internal issues.

According to a report released by the human rights organization, "Syrians for Truth and Justice," 100,872 refugees were sent through the Bab Al-Hawa border crossing – the same one officially used for international aid – between 2019 and 2021, 47,310 passed through the Bab Al-Salamah border crossing during the same period, and the Tal Abyad border crossing documented the deportation of 9,344 refugees to Syria between mid-2020 and 2021.

As the number of refugees increases, so does the demand for staple foods. Meanwhile, the UN has reduced humanitarian aid funds for Syrian refugees. The number of refugees receiving assistance, particularly food, is decreasing.

Syria's food security is deteriorating. Millions of its citizens are malnourished. According to World Food Program (WFP) data, up to 12.4 million Syrians find it burdensome to have enough food to eat.

This figure increased significantly since May 2020, when it stood at 9.3 million people. According to the World Food Programme, the increase is very concerning, as 60 percent of Syria's population is food insecure. []