Dyspepsia: Symptoms, Causes, and Prevention

Do you often feel a burning sensation in your stomach, bloated, nauseous, and stomach pain? It could be a sign of dyspepsia. Dr. Annisa Kartikasari, M.D. from Aksi Cepat Tanggap (ACT)’s Humanity Medical Services explained about dyspepsia, including the symptoms and how to prevent it.

dyspepsia
Dr. Anisa Kartikasari, M.D. from Humanity Medical Services – Aksi Cepat Tanggap. (ACTNews)

ACTNews, JAKARTA – Dyspepsia is a medical term used for recurring signs and symptoms of digestive disorders without a clear cause. People with dyspepsia often feel abdominal pain, bloating, and heartburn. Unfortunately, these symptoms are often taken lightly by some people. Dr. Annisa Kartikasari, M.D. from the Humanity Medical Services - Aksi Cepat Tanggap (ACT) described the symptoms, possible causes, and ways to prevent this disorder.

Symptoms of dyspepsia

To ACTNews, Annisa explained that the symptoms of dyspepsia include burning sensation especially in the upper abdominal area, abdominal pain, feeling bloated, frequent belching, nausea, vomiting, sour taste in the mouth, and stomach rumbling.

Causes of dyspepsia

1.      Dyspepsia occurs more commonly in women.

2.      The use of certain over-the-counter pain relievers, such as aspirin and ibuprofen that can cause stomach problems.

3.      Smoking

4.      Helicobacter pylori infection

5.      Psychological problems, including mental health disorders, stress, and anxiety that can risk causing digestive problems.

When should one go to the doctor?

If you feel that the dyspepsia gets worse, Annisa strongly recommended to immediately go to the doctor. Signs and symptoms that must be watched out for include vomiting blood, stools that are black and soft, shortness of breath, unexplained weight loss, and pain that radiates to the jaw, neck, or left arm.

How to prevent dyspepsia

·         Eat in moderate portions and slowly so that the stomach does not have to work too hard and long.

·         Reduce and avoid high-fat, high-acid, or spicy food, as well as caffeine.

·         If you have a psychological disorder, learn methods for managing stress and anxiety, such as relaxation techniques.

·         Quit smoking and drinking alcohol.

·         Avoid tight clothing that puts pressure on the stomach.

·         Do not exercise on a full stomach or after eating. Rather, exercise before eating or one hour after eating.

·         Don't lie down or sleep immediately after eating. Wait at least three hours after the last meal.

·      Sleep with your head higher than your stomach to help prevent the stomach acid from going up to the esophagus. []