Four Signs of Waqf Awakening in Indonesia

These four signs can be seen from the development of the four pillars of waqf, namely waqif, waqf property, nadzir, and beneficiaries.

Thanks to the development of waqf management, the waqf results are increasingly diverse such as a cart for MSME owners.
Illustration. Thanks to the development of waqf management, the waqf results are increasingly diverse such as a cart for MSME owners. (ACTNews/Gina Mardani)

ACTNews, JAKARTA – People are more familiar with alms and zakat rather than waqf. The data shows that waqf literacy in Indonesia is still relatively low. This has motivated various parties to develop waqf in the community.

According to the President Indonesian Waqf Board (BWI) Mohammad Nuh currently there are signs of the new era or the awakening of waqf in Indonesia. The indicator was seen in the four pillars that are elements of waqf namely waqif (people who send waqf/alms), property waqf, nadzir (administrator), and mauquf alaih or beneficiaries.

According to Nuh, the collective consciousness of the waqif in various social structures must be raised. "So not only the rich who perform waqf, but the poor can also send their waqf. Not only adults or the elderlies who send their waqf, but young people, students, and the millennial community can do it as well," said Nuh when speaking at the Waqf Awakening for Indonesia Seeing 2021 online conference on Saturday (22/5/2021).

Nuh gave an example of how the Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology (ITS)  invited everyone in the institution to send waqf. The total number of their waqf had reached IDR20 billion and was very useful for the beneficiaries around the campus.

Furthermore, Nuh explained, the second sign is the appearance of other instruments of waqf. The waqf assets are now also very diverse. According to Nuh, the perception of waqf in the form of mosques, schools, and cemeteries is not wrong, it's just not enough to get there. “Alhamdulillah, now there is something called cash waqf. This cash waqf is very flexible. It’s impossible to send waqf for only 10 centimeters squares of land, right? Where would you buy the land at such a price? But through cash waqf, you can send waqf for IDR100 thousand or IDR50 thousand. So it is flexible,” explained Nuh.

Even today, shares and intellectual property or copyright can also be donated. Nuh gave an example of how jazz musician Dwiki Dharmawan donated his copyright assets from the works he created.

The third sign, the position of nadzir that once seemed old and conservative, is now being filled by creative people. Nuh said that currently nadzir is expected to have value creation, to create and add value for the waqf products.

“I can say that the nadzirs are already technology savvy. Each of them has carried out a digital transformation in the management of waqf, so the waqf itself can be more productive," explained Nuh. In the future, BWI will also carry out nadzir certification and competence to ensure that the entrusted waqf is properly managed and implement the good waqf governance to ensure public trust.

The last sign is mauquf alaih which is now not only a passive recipient but also actively becoming a new entity. Nuh gave an example of the Ahmad Wardi Hospital as the waqf recipient, which not only become an education center for health service, but also a model in managing waqf assets to be able to provide greater benefits for the people. "In the waqf, there has been a synergy between Islamic social finance and Islamic commercial finance," said Nuh.[]