HMS-ACT’s Doctor: How to Prevent Osteoporosis?

World Osteoporosis Day is commemorated every October 20. The Ministry of Health explained that 2 out of 5 Indonesians have a risk of osteoporosis. Women are more at risk of developing osteoporosis than men.

The HMS doctor
Illustration. The HMS doctor checks the health of an elderly patient. Osteoporosis is generally experienced by the elderly aged 50 to 70 years. (ACTNews)

ACTNews, JAKARTA – Not many know that every October 20 is celebrated as Osteoporosis Day. It was motivated by the National Osteoporosis Society project in the UK on October 20, 1996.

Osteoporosis is a health condition that weakens bones, making them fragile and more likely to break. It develops slowly over several years and is often only diagnosed when a fall or sudden impact causes a bone to break (fracture). In Indonesia, based on data released from the Ministry of Health, 2 out of 5 Indonesians have a risk of osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis generally occurs in the 50s when women are postmenopausal. The World Health Organization (WHO) suggests that women are more at risk of developing osteoporosis than men. It is because women have menopause which makes estrogen levels decrease and affects the ability to form bones. Osteoporosis occurs in men and women over the age of 70 due to a lack of calcium and vitamin D-forming stimulating cells.

From an early age, people can prevent osteoporosis. Dr. Alifa Astuti, Coordinator of ACT Humanity Medical Services Doctor, gave some tips.

“Each individual can take preventive measures against osteoporosis, namely by eating nutritious foods that are rich in calcium content as bone-forming, such as broccoli, tempeh, and tofu,” said Alifa.

Alifa says regular physical activity and exercise can reduce the risk of fractures for the elderly with osteoporosis. Physical activity should be routined from a young age for optimal bone growth.

“We must to regularly bask in the sun every 09.00 am for 15 minutes. The intensity is 2 to 3 times a week. The area of ​​​​the arms and legs must be exposed to the sun. It is necessary to avoid the head and neck," said Alifa.

Alifa also reminds the need to avoid smoking, alcoholic beverages, and excessive caffeine. “The commemoration of World Osteoporosis Day must be used as a momentum for us to take preventive measures from an early age. Let's maintain bone health and continue to be physically active to reduce the risk of osteoporosis," she added.[]