ACTNews, SOUTH JAKARTA – In Indonesia, halal income is an asset for which zakat must be paid if it has reached the nisab (minimum amount that a Muslim must have before being obliged to give zakat) in one year. It is based on the fatwa of the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) No. 3 of 2003 about the professional zakat. How much is the nisab of Professional Zakat in Indonesia?
In the fatwa, the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) stipulates that the nisab of income zakat follows the nisab of gold and silver zakat. One of the bases for determining this nisab is the opinion of the Egyptian scholar Yusuf Qardhawi in his book Fiqh Zakat, Chapter 1 page 513.
"All halal income must be issued zakat on condition that it has reached the nisab in one year, which is worth 85 grams of gold," the MUI wrote in its fatwa.
The Ministry of Religious Affairs through Minister of Religious Affairs Regulation (PMA) Number 31 of 2019 concerning Terms and Procedures for Calculation of Zakat ul-Mal and Zakat ul-Fitr and Utilization of Zakat for Productive Business, Article 26 paragraph 1 states the Nisab of zakat income of 85 grams gold.
“Zakat issued for professional, and service zakat is 2.5 percent,” stated in paragraph 2 of Article 26 of PMA.
The National Amil Zakat Agency (BAZNAS) also issued a Decree of the Chairman of BAZNAS RI Number 14 of 2021 concerning the Nisab Value of Zakat for Income and Services in 2021. In this decree, the nisab of zakat income in 2021 is IDR 79,738,415 per year or IDR 6,644,868 per month.
According to the Chairman of BAZNAS Noor Achmad, the determination of the nisab uses the average price of Antam's 24-carat gold for the last three months of January, February, and March 2021, which is IDR 938.099 per gram. The amount of nisab can change every year.
“Every year, BAZNAS will determine the nisab value (minimum standard amount owned) for zakat, especially professional and service zakat which will be a reference for regional BAZNAS and also LAZ in determining the nisab amount for professional and service zakat nationally," explained Noor.