PDSKJI: People Age 18 to 29 Years Think of Ending Their Life

Research released by the Association of Indonesian Psychiatric Specialists (PDSKJI) in 2020 stated that many productive age (18 to 29 years old) think of ending their lives when facing problems. This age range is four times greater than other ages.

Illustration. Visitors flock to the tourist area of ​​Malioboro Yogyakarta. (ACTNews/Ichsan Ali)

ACTNews, JAKARTA – Mental health in Indonesia is still a tertiary part for most people, compared to physical health, which is always a primary part. Everyone is at risk for mental disorders.

Research from the Indonesian Psychiatric Association (PDSKJI) shows that the risk of those aged 18 to 29 years is four times more likely to experience depression and think about suicide. The research, published in 2020, is based on an analysis of data from 4,010 people who did a self-examination on the PDSKJI page, of which 15 percent thought about dying every day, while 20 percent thought about suicide several days a week.

Responding to this research, ACTNews had the opportunity to interview a member of PDSKJI and ACT Humanity Medical Services Volunteer, Dr. Prasetya Chess Era, SpKJ. He said that much productive age thinks about suicide can be seen from many factors, namely brain development, psychological, and social factors.

"Indeed, at this age, it is in the final maturity stage of the human brain. We usually tend to get confused and ask what the meaning of life? We often compare our lives with others. For example, how come my friends already have children? Why am I still alone?” said Dr. Catur, Thursday (9/16/2021).

Meanwhile, psychologically, he revealed that this age is the peak period of crystallization of the values ​​of parenting accepted by every human being. According to him, parenting is closely related when humans are in the process of becoming adults and how to deal with various life problems.

"In terms of social factors, we can reflect on the increasingly limited communication patterns, especially during this pandemic. The more limited interaction results in a decrease in empathy for each other. We fail to carry out social interactions that are humane by feeling feelings and facial gestures,” explained Dr. Catur.

Dr. Catur emphasizes the awareness of everyone to be aware of mental health conditions by not considering shame, taboo, and making it a stigma. According to him, early awareness is crucial in preventing everyone from experiencing severe mental disorders.

“This is a challenge for all of us because mental health issues have not become a priority, and the community has not considered it a priority. Currently, psychiatrists in Indonesia are more on a preventive approach to provide education to the public. The term mental disorder is like a disaster. It can come at any time without any distinction,” added Dr. Catur.[]