Prophet Muhammad, the Best Role Model in Poverty Eradication

Prophet Muhammad is the best role model. In terms of poverty eradication, he succeeded in maximizing the implementation of zakat.

Prophet Muhammad's Birthday,
Illustration. Prophet Muhammad is the best role model. (ACTNews/Rizki Febianto)

ACTNews, SOUTH JAKARTA – Prophet Muhammad is the best example for everyone as explained in Quran Surah Al-Ahzab verse 21. “Indeed, in the Messenger of Allah, you have an excellent example for whoever has hope in Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah often.”

In solving poverty, Prophet Muhammad was very reliable and worth following. He even loved the poor. In the book of Al Barzanji, Sheikh Ja'far bin Husin bin Abdul Karim bin Muhammad Al-Barzanji said, Prophet Muhammad loved the poor, sat with them, visited those who were sick, accompanied their bodies, and never insulted the poor.

Regarding his effort in solving poverty, when the Holy Prophet Muhammad was the Head of State, he made a Baitul Maal at the Prophet’s Mosque (Al-Masjid An-Nabawi). Until now, Baitul Maal is still used as a place to collect Muslim’s wealth whether sourced from spoils of war, infaq, alms, or zakat.

Mustaring, a lecturer at Faculty of Social Sciences, Makassar State University, in his paper Supremacy Journal Volume XI Number 2 of 2016 explained that the assets collected in the Baitul Maal were never kept for long. Prophet Muhammad ordered that the collected property must be immediately distributed to the rightful people and leave nothing.

“There were 40 names of the Prophet Muhammad’s companions who, if used in modern terms are addressed as the Prophet’s secretariat employees. However, there is no mention of a state treasurer. Such condition is only possible in an environment that has a tight and good monitoring system,” Mustering wrote.

In the era of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, even in a simple form, the management of zakat was considered successful. At that time, the amil (people who are authorized to manage zakat) was very trustworthy, honest, transparent, and accountable.

Some of the Prophet Muhammad’s companions appointed by the Prophet as amil were Umar bin Khattab and Ibn Qais 'Ubadah Ibn Shamit who served at the regional level, and Muadz bin Jabal who served as an amil in Yemen.

One of the most substantial things in the distribution of zakat at the Prophet Muhammad’s era was that the Prophet had never delayed the distribution of zakat. If the zakat was received in the morning, then before noon it must have been distributed to the Mustahik (person or entity entitled to receive zakat).[]