ACTNews, YAMAN – Food insecurity becomes one of the most concerning issues in Yemen. Millions of its population are suffering from a food shortage which causes its price to soar. Furthermore, the current situation may escalate since the famine can cause people to be prone to various comorbidities.
Martin Griffiths, the United Nations Special Envoy for Yemen warns that roughly five million people are one step away from succumbing to famine and the diseases that go with it.
“Famine isn’t just a food problem. It’s a symptom of a much deeper collapse. In many ways, it is all of Yemen’s problems rolled into one, and it demands a comprehensive response,” he said.
Harum Aulia Rahmawati from ACT’s Humanity Medical Service states that acute famine doesn’t only cause short-term disorders such as decreased energy which impairs productivity, but in the long term it can also cause diseases that affect organs’ functions.
“The impact of famine can cause malnutrition where our body faces a lack of nutrition that leads to declining function of our organs. Famine can also cause degenerative diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and metabolic disorders,” said Harum when met by ACTNews team, Thursday (8/26/2021).
One of the main factors that cause famine in Yemen is the collapse of the Yemeni economy which has declined the exchange rate of its national currency, the Yemeni Rial. In May 2021, the Yemeni Rial value which previously was 900 YER per USD, dropped to 1000 YER per USD at the end of July.
Yemen’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is plummeting by 40 percent since 2015. Martin Griffiths also told the UN Security Council on Monday that roughly two-thirds of the country’s population or about 20 million people rely on humanitarian aid for their daily needs.